Professor Jeff Siegel

Emeritus Professor - school_of_behavioral_and_social_sciences

Jeff Siegel

Phone: +61 2 6773 3203



BA (C'nell), MA (Hawaii), Dip Hindi (Delhi), PhD (ANU), FAHA

Teaching Areas

Supervision Areas

  • language contact and contact-induced language change (pidgin, creole, new dialects)
  • language and education
  • descriptive or sociolinguistic studies of particular languages in Oceania or South Asia.

Research Interests

Prof Siegel has more than 25 years of teaching experience in linguistics and English as a second language. His main research interests have been in language contact, especially in pidgin and creole languages and varieties of Hindi in the Asia-Pacific region. He has also done extensive research on the use of such languages in formal education. In this connection, he has worked on the Melanesian Literacy Project and conducted a large project on Vernacular Education in the South Pacific. He is also a member of the Editorial Advisory Board of the Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages.

Currently, Prof Siegel is involved in a large-scale language documentation project "Languages of Southern New Guinea", funded by the Australian Research Council.



Siegel, J. 2010. Second Dialect Acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Siegel, J. 2008. The Emergence of Pidgin and Creole Languages. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sakoda, K. and J. Siegel. 2003. Pidgin Grammar: An Introduction to the Creole Language of Hawai'i. Honolulu: Bess Press.

Siegel, J. 1996. Vernacular Education in the South Pacific (International Development Issues No.45). Canberra: Australian Agency for International Development.

Siegel, J. 1987. Language Contact in a Plantation Environment: A Sociolinguistic History of Fiji. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Edited Volumes

Pfänder, S. and J. Siegel. The Early Years of Language Contact. (Journal of Language Contact 8, 1). Leiden: Brill.

Siegel, J., J. Lynch and D. Eades (eds). 2007. Language Description, History and Development: Linguistic Indulgence in Memory of Terry Crowley. Amsterdam/ Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Crowley, T. and J. Siegel (eds). 2001. Studies in Creole Linguistics in Memory of Chris Corne 1942 – 1999. (Te Reo 44). Auckland: Linguistic Society of New Zealand.

Siegel, J. (ed). 2000. Processes of Language Contact: Studies from Australia and the South Pacific. Montreal: Fides.

Siegel, J. (ed). 1993. Koines and Koineization. (International Journal of the Sociology of Language 99). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Siegel, J. (ed). 1992. Pidgins, Creoles and Nonstandard Dialects in Education. (Occasional Papers 12). Melbourne: Applied Linguistics Association of Australia.

Barz, R. K. and J. Siegel (eds). 1988. Language Transplanted: The Development of Overseas Hindi. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz.

Journal Articles

Siegel, J. 2015. The role of substrate transfer in the development of grammatical morphology in language contact varieties. Word Structure 8 (2), 160-183.

Siegel, J. 2015. The morphology of tense and aspect in Nama, a Papuan language of southern Papua New Guinea. Open Linguistics 1: 211-231.

Siegel, J., B. Szmrecsanyi and B. Kortmann. 2014. Measuring analyticity and syntheticity in creoles. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 29 (1), 49-85.

Siegel, J. 2012. Two kinds of functional transfer in language contact. Journal of Language Contact 5 (2), 187-215.

Siegel, J. 2012. Constraints on substrate transfer revisited. Journal of Linguistics 48, 473-478.

Siegel, J. 2010. Bilingual literacy in creole contexts. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 31 (4), 383-402.

Siegel, J. 2009. Chinese Pidgin English in south-eastern Australia: The notebook of Jong Ah Siug. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 24 (2), 306–337.

Siegel, J. 2008. Pidgin in the classroom. Educational Perspectives 41 (1&2), 55-65.

Siegel, J. 2007. Creoles and minority dialects in education: An update. Language and Education 21(1), 66-86.

Siegel, J. 2007. Recent evidence against the Language Bioprogram Hypothesis: The pivotal case of Hawai'i Creole. Studies in Language 31 (1), 51-88.

Siegel, J. 2006. Language ideologies and the education of speakers of marginalized language varieties: Adopting a critical awareness approach. Linguistics and Education 17, 157-174.

Siegel, J. 2005 Applied Creolistics revisited. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 20 (2), 275-305

Siegel, J. 2005 Literacy in pidgin and creole languages. Current Issues in Language Planning 6(3).

Siegel, J. 2005 Creolization outside creolistics. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 20(1), 141-166.

Siegel, J. 2004 Morphological elaboration. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 19(2), 333-362.

Siegel, J. 2004 Review article: Vivika Velupillai: Hawai'i Creole English: A typological analysis of the tense-mood-aspect system (Palgrave McMillan, 2003). English World-Wide 25(2), 285-297.

Siegel, J. 2004. Morphological simplicity in pidgins and creoles. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 19(1), 139-162.

Siegel, J. 2003 Substrate influence in creoles and the role of transfer in second language acquisition. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 25(2), 185-209.

Siegel, J. 2000. Substrate influence in Hawai'i Creole English. Language in Society 29/2, 197-236.

Book Chapters

Siegel, J. 2013. Pidgin Hindustani. In S. M Michaelis, P. Mauer, M. Haspelmath and M. Huber (eds), The Survey of Pidgin and Creole Languages. Volume III: Contact Languages Based on Languages from Africa, Asia, Australia, and the Americas. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 114-118.

Siegel, J. 2013. Multilingualism, indigenization and creolization. In T. K. Bhatia and W. C. Ritchie (eds.), Handbook of Bilingualism and Multilingualism (2nd edition). Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 517-541.

Smith, G. P. and J. Siegel. 2013. Tok Pisin. In In S. M Michaelis, P. Mauer, M. Haspelmath and M. Huber (eds), The Survey of Pidgin and Creole Languages. Volume I: English-based and Dutch based Languages. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 214-222.

Sakoda, K. and J.  Siegel. 2012. Hawai'i Creole. In B. Kortmann and K. Lunkenheimer (eds),  The Mouton World Atlas of Variation in English. Berlin/Boston: de Gruyter, 633-650.

Siegel, J. 2012. Regional profile: Australia Pacific region. In B. Kortmann and K. Lunkenheimer (eds),  The Mouton World Atlas of Variation in English. Berlin/Boston: de Gruyter, 765-782.

Siegel, J. 2012. Accounting for analyticity in creoles. In B. Kortmann and B. Szmrecsanyi (eds), Linguistic Complexity: Second Language Acquisition, Indigenization, Contact. Berlin/Boston: de Gruyter, 35-61.

Siegel, J. 2012. Educational approaches for speakers of pidgin and creole languages. In A. Yiakoumetti (ed), Harnessing Linguistic Diversity to Improve Education. Oxford: Peter Lang, 259-292.

Siegel, J. 2011. Substrate reinforcement and the retention of Pan-Pacific Pidgin features in modern contact varieties In C. Lefebvre (ed.), Creoles, Their Substrates, and Language Typology. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: Benjamins, 531-556.

Siegel, J. 2010. Pidgins and creoles. In N. H. Hornberger and S. McKay (eds,), Sociolinguistics and Language Education. Bristol: Multilingual Matters, 232-262.

Siegel, J. 2010. Pidgins and creoles. In R. B. Kaplan (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Applied Linguistics (2nd edition). New York: Oxford University Press, 382-397.

Siegel, J. 2010. Contact languages of the Pacific. In R. Hickey (ed), The Handbook of Language Contact. Oxford: Blackwell, 814-836.

Siegel, J. 2009. Language contact and second language acquisition. In William C. Ritchie and Tej K Bhatia (eds), The New Handbook of Second Language Acquisition. Bingley: Emerald, 569-589.

Siegel, J. 2009. Linguistic and educational aspects of Tok Pisin. In N. Coupland and Adam Jaworski (eds), The New Sociolinguistics Reader. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 512-525.

Siegel, J. 2008. Pidgins/Creoles and Second Language Acquisition. In J. V. Singler and S. Kouwenberg (eds), The Handbook of Pidgin and Creole Studies. Oxford: Blackwell, 189-218.

Siegel, J. 2008. In praise of the Cafeteria Principle: Language mixing in Hawai'i Creole. In S. Michaelis (ed), Roots of Creole Structures: Weighing the Contributions of Substrates and Superstrates. AmsterdamPhiladelphia: John Benjamins, 59-82.

Siegel, J. 2007. Literacy in pidgin and creole languages. In A. J. Liddicoat (ed), Language Planning and Policy: Issues in Language Planning and Literacy. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, 143-163.

Siegel, J. 2007. Transmission and transfer. In U. Ansaldo, S. Matthews and L. Lim (eds), Deconstructing Creole. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 167-201.

Siegel, J. 2006. Links between SLA and creole studies: Past and present. In C. Lefebvre, L. White and C. Jourdan (eds), L2 Acquisition and Creole Genesis. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 15-49.

Siegel, J. 2006. Empowering speakers of unstandardized varieties. In A. Weideman and B. Smieja (eds), Empowerment Through Language and Education. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 21-40.

Siegel, J. 2006 Keeping creoles out of the classroom: Is it justified? In S. Nero (ed.), Dialects, Englishes, Creoles, and Education. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 39-67.

Sakoda, K. and J.  Siegel. 2004. Hawai'i Creole: Phonology. In B. Kortmann and E. W. Schneider (eds) with K. Burridge, R. Mesthrie and C. Upton, A Handbook of Varieties of English, Volume I: Phonology. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 729-749.

Sakoda, K. and J.  Siegel.  2004. Hawai'i Creole: Morphology and syntax. In B. Kortmann and E. W. Schneider (eds) with K. Burridge, R. Mesthrie and C. Upton,  A Handbook of Varieties of English, Volume II: Morphology & Syntax. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 742-769.

Siegel, J. 2003 Social context. In C. Doughty and M.H. Long (eds), Handbook of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: Blackwell, 178-223.

Siegel, J. 2002 Applied creolistics in the 21st century. In G. Gilbert (ed.), Pidgin and Creole Linguistics in the Twenty-first Century. New York: Peter Lang, 7-48.

Siegel, J. 2001 Koine formation and creole genesis. In N. Smith and T. Veenstra (eds), Creolization and Contact. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 175-97.

Other Publications

Siegel, J. 2013. Teaching a second or additional dialect. In C. A. Chapelle (ed.), Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. Oxford: Blackwell. published online at:

Siegel, J. 2013. Second dialect acquisition. In P. Robinson (ed.), The Routledge Encyclopedia of Second Language Acquisition. New York/Abingdon: Routledge (Taylor & Francis), 568-571.

Siegel, J. 2005 Tok Pisin. In P. Strazny (ed), Encyclopedia of Linguistics. New York: Routledge. 1114-1116.

Siegel, J. 2001 Pidgins, creoles and minority dialects in education. In R. Mesthrie (ed.), Concise Encyclopedia of Sociolinguistics. Oxford: Elsevier Science, 747-49.