Professor Jeff Siegel

Emeritus Professor - Faculty of Humanities, Arts, Social Sciences and Education; School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences

Jeff Siegel

Phone: +61 2 6773 3203



BA (C'nell), MA (Hawaii), Dip Hindi (Delhi), PhD (ANU), FAHA

Teaching Areas

Supervision Areas

  • language contact and contact-induced language change (pidgin, creole, new dialects)
  • language and education
  • descriptive or sociolinguistic studies of particular languages in Oceania or South Asia.

Research Interests

Prof Siegel has more than 25 years of teaching experience in linguistics and English as a second language. His main research interests have been in language contact, especially in pidgin and creole languages and varieties of Hindi in the Asia-Pacific region. He has also done extensive research on the use of such languages in formal education. In this connection, he has worked on the Melanesian Literacy Project and conducted a large project on Vernacular Education in the South Pacific. He is also a member of the Editorial Advisory Board of the Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages.

Currently, Prof Siegel is involved in a large-scale language documentation project "Languages of Southern New Guinea", funded by the Australian Research Council.



Siegel, J. 2010. Second Dialect Acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Siegel, J. 2008. The Emergence of Pidgin and Creole Languages. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sakoda, K. and J. Siegel. 2003. Pidgin Grammar: An Introduction to the Creole Language of Hawai'i. Honolulu: Bess Press.

Siegel, J. 1996. Vernacular Education in the South Pacific (International Development Issues No.45). Canberra: Australian Agency for International Development.

Siegel, J. 1987. Language Contact in a Plantation Environment: A Sociolinguistic History of Fiji. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Edited Volumes

Pfänder, S. and J. Siegel. The Early Years of Language Contact. (Journal of Language Contact 8, 1). Leiden: Brill.

Siegel, J., J. Lynch and D. Eades (eds). 2007. Language Description, History and Development: Linguistic Indulgence in Memory of Terry Crowley. Amsterdam/ Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Crowley, T. and J. Siegel (eds). 2001. Studies in Creole Linguistics in Memory of Chris Corne 1942 – 1999. (Te Reo 44). Auckland: Linguistic Society of New Zealand.

Siegel, J. (ed). 2000. Processes of Language Contact: Studies from Australia and the South Pacific. Montreal: Fides.

Siegel, J. (ed). 1993. Koines and Koineization. (International Journal of the Sociology of Language 99). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Siegel, J. (ed). 1992. Pidgins, Creoles and Nonstandard Dialects in Education. (Occasional Papers 12). Melbourne: Applied Linguistics Association of Australia.

Barz, R. K. and J. Siegel (eds). 1988. Language Transplanted: The Development of Overseas Hindi. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz.

Journal Articles

Siegel, J. 2017. Transitive and intransitive verbs in Nama, a Papuan language of southern New Guinea. Oceanic Linguistics 56 (1), 123-142.

Siegel, J. 2016. Contact-induced grammatical change in Melanesia: Who were the agents of change? Australian Journal of Linguistics 36 (3), 406-428.

Siegel, J. 2015. The role of substrate transfer in the development of grammatical morphology in language contact varieties. Word Structure 8 (2), 160-183.

Siegel, J. 2015. The morphology of tense and aspect in Nama, a Papuan language of southern Papua New Guinea. Open Linguistics 1: 211-231.

Siegel, J., B. Szmrecsanyi and B. Kortmann. 2014. Measuring analyticity and syntheticity in creoles. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 29 (1), 49-85.

Siegel, J. 2012. Two kinds of functional transfer in language contact. Journal of Language Contact 5 (2), 187-215.

Siegel, J. 2012. Constraints on substrate transfer revisited. Journal of Linguistics 48, 473-478.

Siegel, J. 2010. Bilingual literacy in creole contexts. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 31 (4), 383-402.

Siegel, J. 2009. Chinese Pidgin English in south-eastern Australia: The notebook of Jong Ah Siug. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 24 (2), 306–337.

Siegel, J. 2008. Pidgin in the classroom. Educational Perspectives 41 (1&2), 55-65.

Siegel, J. 2007. Creoles and minority dialects in education: An update. Language and Education 21(1), 66-86.

Siegel, J. 2007. Recent evidence against the Language Bioprogram Hypothesis: The pivotal case of Hawai'i Creole. Studies in Language 31 (1), 51-88.

Siegel, J. 2006. Language ideologies and the education of speakers of marginalized language varieties: Adopting a critical awareness approach. Linguistics and Education 17, 157-174.

Siegel, J. 2005 Applied Creolistics revisited. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 20 (2), 275-305

Siegel, J. 2005 Literacy in pidgin and creole languages. Current Issues in Language Planning 6(3).

Siegel, J. 2005 Creolization outside creolistics. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 20(1), 141-166.

Siegel, J. 2004 Morphological elaboration. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 19(2), 333-362.

Siegel, J. 2004 Review article: Vivika Velupillai: Hawai'i Creole English: A typological analysis of the tense-mood-aspect system (Palgrave McMillan, 2003). English World-Wide 25(2), 285-297.

Siegel, J. 2004. Morphological simplicity in pidgins and creoles. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 19(1), 139-162.

Siegel, J. 2003 Substrate influence in creoles and the role of transfer in second language acquisition. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 25(2), 185-209.

Siegel, J. 2000. Substrate influence in Hawai'i Creole English. Language in Society 29/2, 197-236.

Book Chapters

Evans, N., W. Arka, M. Carroll, Y. J. Choi, C. Döhler, V. Gast… J. Siegel. 2017. The languages of Southern New Guinea. In Bill Palmer (ed.), The Languages and Linguistics of New Guinea: A Comprehensive Guide. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 641-774.

Siegel, J. 2014. Dennis Craig’s contributions to applied linguistics. In I. Robertson and H. Simmons-McDonald (eds), Educational Issues in Creole and Creole-influenced Vernacular Contexts. Kingston: University of the West Indies Press, 3-14.

Siegel, J. 2013. Pidgin Hindustani. In S. M Michaelis, P. Mauer, M. Haspelmath and M. Huber (eds), The Survey of Pidgin and Creole Languages. Volume III: Contact Languages Based on Languages from Africa, Asia, Australia, and the Americas. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 114-118.

Siegel, J. 2013. Multilingualism, indigenization and creolization. In T. K. Bhatia and W. C. Ritchie (eds.), Handbook of Bilingualism and Multilingualism (2nd edition). Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 517-541.

Smith, G. P. and J. Siegel. 2013. Tok Pisin. In In S. M Michaelis, P. Mauer, M. Haspelmath and M. Huber (eds), The Survey of Pidgin and Creole Languages. Volume I: English-based and Dutch based Languages. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 214-222.

Sakoda, K. and J.  Siegel. 2012. Hawai'i Creole. In B. Kortmann and K. Lunkenheimer (eds),  The Mouton World Atlas of Variation in English. Berlin/Boston: de Gruyter, 633-650.

Siegel, J. 2012. Regional profile: Australia Pacific region. In B. Kortmann and K. Lunkenheimer (eds),  The Mouton World Atlas of Variation in English. Berlin/Boston: de Gruyter, 765-782.

Siegel, J. 2012. Accounting for analyticity in creoles. In B. Kortmann and B. Szmrecsanyi (eds), Linguistic Complexity: Second Language Acquisition, Indigenization, Contact. Berlin/Boston: de Gruyter, 35-61.

Siegel, J. 2012. Educational approaches for speakers of pidgin and creole languages. In A. Yiakoumetti (ed), Harnessing Linguistic Diversity to Improve Education. Oxford: Peter Lang, 259-292.

Siegel, J. 2011. Substrate reinforcement and the retention of Pan-Pacific Pidgin features in modern contact varieties In C. Lefebvre (ed.), Creoles, Their Substrates, and Language Typology. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: Benjamins, 531-556.

Siegel, J. 2010. Pidgins and creoles. In N. H. Hornberger and S. McKay (eds,), Sociolinguistics and Language Education. Bristol: Multilingual Matters, 232-262.

Siegel, J. 2010. Pidgins and creoles. In R. B. Kaplan (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Applied Linguistics (2nd edition). New York: Oxford University Press, 382-397.

Siegel, J. 2010. Contact languages of the Pacific. In R. Hickey (ed), The Handbook of Language Contact. Oxford: Blackwell, 814-836.

Siegel, J. 2009. Language contact and second language acquisition. In William C. Ritchie and Tej K Bhatia (eds), The New Handbook of Second Language Acquisition. Bingley: Emerald, 569-589.

Siegel, J. 2009. Linguistic and educational aspects of Tok Pisin. In N. Coupland and Adam Jaworski (eds), The New Sociolinguistics Reader. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 512-525.

Siegel, J. 2008. Pidgins/Creoles and Second Language Acquisition. In J. V. Singler and S. Kouwenberg (eds), The Handbook of Pidgin and Creole Studies. Oxford: Blackwell, 189-218.

Siegel, J. 2008. In praise of the Cafeteria Principle: Language mixing in Hawai'i Creole. In S. Michaelis (ed), Roots of Creole Structures: Weighing the Contributions of Substrates and Superstrates. AmsterdamPhiladelphia: John Benjamins, 59-82.

Siegel, J. 2007. Literacy in pidgin and creole languages. In A. J. Liddicoat (ed), Language Planning and Policy: Issues in Language Planning and Literacy. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, 143-163.

Siegel, J. 2007. Transmission and transfer. In U. Ansaldo, S. Matthews and L. Lim (eds), Deconstructing Creole. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 167-201.

Siegel, J. 2006. Links between SLA and creole studies: Past and present. In C. Lefebvre, L. White and C. Jourdan (eds), L2 Acquisition and Creole Genesis. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 15-49.

Siegel, J. 2006. Empowering speakers of unstandardized varieties. In A. Weideman and B. Smieja (eds), Empowerment Through Language and Education. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 21-40.

Siegel, J. 2006 Keeping creoles out of the classroom: Is it justified? In S. Nero (ed.), Dialects, Englishes, Creoles, and Education. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 39-67.

Sakoda, K. and J.  Siegel. 2004. Hawai'i Creole: Phonology. In B. Kortmann and E. W. Schneider (eds) with K. Burridge, R. Mesthrie and C. Upton, A Handbook of Varieties of English, Volume I: Phonology. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 729-749.

Sakoda, K. and J.  Siegel.  2004. Hawai'i Creole: Morphology and syntax. In B. Kortmann and E. W. Schneider (eds) with K. Burridge, R. Mesthrie and C. Upton,  A Handbook of Varieties of English, Volume II: Morphology & Syntax. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 742-769.

Siegel, J. 2003 Social context. In C. Doughty and M.H. Long (eds), Handbook of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: Blackwell, 178-223.

Siegel, J. 2002 Applied creolistics in the 21st century. In G. Gilbert (ed.), Pidgin and Creole Linguistics in the Twenty-first Century. New York: Peter Lang, 7-48.

Siegel, J. 2001 Koine formation and creole genesis. In N. Smith and T. Veenstra (eds), Creolization and Contact. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 175-97.

Other Publications

Siegel, J. 2013. Teaching a second or additional dialect. In C. A. Chapelle (ed.), Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. Oxford: Blackwell. published online at:

Siegel, J. 2013. Second dialect acquisition. In P. Robinson (ed.), The Routledge Encyclopedia of Second Language Acquisition. New York/Abingdon: Routledge (Taylor & Francis), 568-571.

Siegel, J. 2005 Tok Pisin. In P. Strazny (ed), Encyclopedia of Linguistics. New York: Routledge. 1114-1116.

Siegel, J. 2001 Pidgins, creoles and minority dialects in education. In R. Mesthrie (ed.), Concise Encyclopedia of Sociolinguistics. Oxford: Elsevier Science, 747-49.