Professor Michael Bittman

Professor - Faculty of Humanities, Arts, Social Sciences and Education; School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences

Michael Bittman

Research Interests

Specialisation: Time use; Family; Non-market work; Care; Gender.

Michael Bittman is Professorial Fellow at the University of New England. He is an expert on collection and analysis of time-use statistics. His research interests include social policy and social change; family dynamics; time spent in unpaid work (especially caring for others); trends in working hours; and the distribution of leisure.

He is member of the Consortium Advisory Group, which is responsible for the conception and design of Australian Longitudinal Study of Children (also known as "Growing Up in Australia").



Recent Books

Bittman, M. (2004) with Nancy Folbre (Eds.) Family Time: The Social Organization of Care London: New York: Routledge.

Bittman, M. (1997) with Jocelyn Pixley The Double Life of the Family: Myth, Hope and Experience, Allen & Unwin, Sydney.

Bittman, M (1992) Juggling Time: How Australian Families Use Time, AGPS, Canberra.

Journal Articles

Bittman, M. (2011) with Rutherford, L., Brown, J.E. and Unsworth, L. 'Digital natives? New and old media and children's outcomes' Australian Journal of Education, 55 (2): 73–87.

Bittman, M. (2011) Social Sciences and the Study of Family Fortunes in the Global Financial Crisis' Dialogue, 30 (1): 30-39.

Bittman, M. (2010) with. van der Ploeg, H. P., Merom, D., Chau, J. Y., Stewart, S.G. and Bauman, A.E. 'Advances in Population Surveillance for Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior: Reliability and Validity of Time Use Surveys', American Journal of Epidemiology,172(10): 1199-206.

Bittman, M. (2009) with Wajcman, J. and Brown, J. (2009) 'The Mobile Phone, Perpetual Contact and Time Pressure', Work, Employment and Society, 23(4): 1-19.

Bittman, M. (2008) with Craig, L ' The incremental time costs of children: An analysis of children's impact on adult time use in Austalia'Feminist Economics; 14 (2): 59-88.

Bittman, M. (2008)with Wajcman, J.Brown, J. 'Families without Borders: Mobile phones, Connectedness and Work-Home Divisions', Sociology 42 (4): 635-652.

Bittman, M. (2008) with Hill, P., Thomson, C. and Griffith, M. 'What kinds of jobs help carers combine care and employment?' Family Matters 80: 27-32.

Bittman, M. (2007) with Hill, T. and Thomson, C. 'The impact of caring on informal carers' employment, income and earnings: a longitudinal approach' Australian Journal of Social Issues 42(2): 255-272.

Bittman, M. (2007) with Tudor-Locke C, van der Ploeg HP, Bowles HR, Fisher K, Merom D, Gershuny J, Bauman A, Egerton M  International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity 2007, 4:45.

Bittman, M. (2005) 'Sunday Working and Family Time', Labour & Industry A journal of the social and economic relations of work, vol.16, no.1, pp 59-81.

Bittman, M. (2005) with Fisher, K., Hill, P. and Thomson, C., 'The time cost of care', International Journal of Time Use Research, vol.2, no.1, pp 54-66.

Bittman, M. (2005) with Goodin, R.E., Rice, J.M. and Saunders, P., 'The Time-Pressure Illusion: Discretionary Time Vs. Free Time', Social Indicators Research: an international and interdisciplinary journal for quality-of-life measurement, vol.73, no.1, pp 43-70.

Bittman, M. (2005) with Tudor-Locke, C., Merom, D. and Bauman, A., 'Patterns of walking for transport and exercise: a novel application of time use data', The International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol.2, no.5, pp 1-10.

Bittman, M. (2005) with Gershuny, J. and Brice, J., 'Exit, Voice, and Suffering: Do Couples Adapt to Changing Employment Patterns?', Journal of Marriage and Family, vol.67, no.3, pp 656-665.

Bittman, M. (2004) with James Mahmud Rice and Judy Wajcman, 'Appliances and Their Impact: The Ownership of Domestic Technology and Time Spent on Housework' British Journal of Sociology, 55, 2, 400-423.

Bittman, M. (2004) with Jocelyn Pixley, 'Equality and Gender, Divided Versus Multiple Subjectivity: A Response to Allon J. Uhlmann's "The Sociology of Subjectivity, and the Subjectivity of Sociologists"' British Journal of Sociology, 55, 2, 433-438.

Bittman, M. (2004) Editor (with Nancy Folbre) Family Time: The Social Organization of Care London/New York: Routledge.

Bittman, M. (2003) with P. England, L. Sayer, N. Folbre and G. Matheson , 'When does gender trump money? Bargaining and time in household work' American Journal of Sociology, 109: 186-214.

Bittman, M. (2003) and J. M. Rice, 'The spectre of overwork: an analysis of trends between 1974 and 1997 using Australia time-use diaries', Labour and Industry, 12, 3, 5-25.

Bittman, M. (2002)   'Social Participation and Family Welfare: The Money and Time Costs of Leisure in Australia' Social Policy and Administration, 36, 4, 408-425.

Bittman, M. and J. Wajcman, (2000) 'The rush hour: the character of leisure time and gender equity', Social Forces, 79, 1, 165-189.

Bittman, M. (1999) 'Parenthood without penalty: time use and public policy in Australia and Finland', Feminist Economics, 5, 3, 27-42.

Bittman, M. (1999) with , G. Matheson and G. Meagher, 'The changing boundary between home and market: Australian trends in outsourcing domestic labour', Work, Employment and Society, 13, 249-73.

Bittman, M. (1999) with G. Matheson and G. Meagher, 'The Changing Boundary between Home and Market: Australian Trends in Outsourcing Domestic Labour', Work, Employment and Society, 13, 249-73.

Bittman, M. (1998) 'The Land of the Lost Long Weekend? Trends in Free Time among Working Age Australians, 1974-1992', Loisir et Société/Society and Leisure, 21, 353-78.

Recent Book Chapters

Bittman, M. (2005) with Saunders, P. 'Australian Couples and the Paradox of Modernity: Earning More but Enjoying It Less', in Manderson, L (Ed.) Rethinking Wellbeing, , API Network, Australia Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, pp 109-136.

Bittman, M. (2001), Entry on 'Gender and Family' in revised edition of N. Smelser and P.Bates (Editors-in-Chief) International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavorial Sciences, Elsevier Science, Oxford Vol 8, pp. 5286-90.

Bittman, M. (2000), 'An International Perspective to Collecting Time-Use Data' in National Research Council Time-Use Measurement and Research: Report of Workshop, (Committee on National Statistics) Washington D.C.: National Academy Press, pp. 86-87.

Bittman, M. and C. Thomson (2000), 'Invisible Support: The determinants of time spent in informal care' in J. Warburton and M. Oppenheimer (eds.) Volunteers and Volunteering, Federation Press, Sydney, pp. 98-112.

Recent Consultancy Reports

Bittman, M. (2007) with Rutherford, L. 'Media and Communication in Australian Families' – Review of Research Literature, Australian Communications and Media Authority, Melbourne pp. 203-356.

Bittman, M. (2007) with Reavell, R. and Smith, G. and Battin, T'Living Standards of Apprentices, Group Training Australia: Sydney .

Bittman, M. (2007) withWajcman, J., Jones, P., Johnstone, L. and Brown, J. The Impact of the Mobile Phone on Work/Life Balance: Preliminary Report,Australian National University and the Australian Mobile Telecommunications Association, Canberra.

Bittman, M. (2007) with Brown, J., McIntosh, A., Roley, F., Rajaratnam, R. and Walmsley, J.'Human Capital' in Carrington, K. McIntosh, A. and Walmsley, J. (Eds) The Social Costs and Benefits of Migration into Australia. Centre for Applied Research in Social Science, UNE. ISBN 1 9 20996 07 9.

Bittman, M. (2007)Baxter, J. Gray, M. Alexander, M., and Strazdins, L. 'Mothers and fathers with young children: paid employment, caring and wellbeing', Social Policy Research Paper 30, Department of Family, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Canberra.

Bittman, M., Sonia Hoffman and Denise Thompson Men's Uptake of Family-Friendly Employment Provisions Policy Research Paper 22, Department of Family and Community Services, Canberra, 2004

Bittman, M., M. Flick and J.M. Rice, The Recruitment of Older Australian Workers: A Survey of Employers in a High Growth Industry. Prepared for Department of Family and Community Services, December 2001.

Flick, M., M. Bittman and J.M. Rice, The Community's Most Valuable [Hidden] Asset -Volunteering in Australia. Prepared for Department of Family and Community Services, 2002.

Recent Discussion Papers
Wilkinson, J. and M. Bittman (2002), Volunteering: The Human Face of Democracy, SPRC Discussion Paper No.114, Social Policy Research Centre, University of New South Wales.