Farmers and farm managers undertake farming operations to raise livestock and cultivate crops, fruit, vegetables and other agricultural products.
Farm managers often specialise in:
- Crop Production: Perform annual tasks to grow a wide variety of crops such as grains, oilseeds, sugar cane, cotton, fruits, and vegetables.
- Livestock Production: Manage the breeding and raising of a wide range of animals including beef and dairy cattle, sheep, pigs, horses and poultry.
- Prepare or assist with preparation of annual forecasts, budgets and other business plans
- Recruit, supervise and ensure the ongoing training of farm staff
- Maintain production and farm records including estimated operating costs, ordering farm inputs, marketing produce and monitoring animal health nutrition
- Control costs of production in line with budget expectations
- Produce crops and/or livestock to achieve volume, quality and cost objectives
- Clean and maintain buildings, sheds, equipment and facilities to ensure health standards and high quality of produce
- Ensure safe and effective handling of equipment
- Undertake activities to minimise environmental degradation. Monitor environmental effects of farming activities and repair existing damage
- Plan and organise marketing and sale of produce to achieve high returns
- Self-employment as a farmer of their own land or a leasehold property rented from a landowner
- A farm manager may be an employee who is paid a salary to manage a farm or group of farms
Farm managers require good planning and problem solving skills, and the ability to work independently. Good computer and mechanical skills are an advantage, together with a capacity for working outdoors.