At university, you become part of an academic community. As with any other community, there are particular ways of behaving, particular values and practices that are important. You will be expected to demonstrate these scholarly practices in your work.
Academic knowledge builds on the knowledge of other scholars. The process of "knowledge building" is a collaborative exercise, a dialogue or debate between scholars. New knowledge often emerges from existing knowledge. In the spirit of fairness, it is important, therefore, for academics to acknowledge where their information and ideas have come from. One of the most important practices for you to learn while you are studying at university is how to acknowledge where your ideas have come from in the work that you do.
By acknowledging what other scholars have said, you become a part of this exchange of ideas within the particular debate. Attributing the source of your ideas and words has a number of important consequences:
- Your readers can see where your argument or opinion fits into the discussion.
- Your readers can see that you are writing from an informed position and providing evidence and support for your claims.
- Your readers can search for the source themselves if they wish to pursue that idea further.
This acknowledgement is done by a system of conventions called referencing.
The University expects all students to provide appropriate references to the words, ideas, theories, data, pictures, etc. of others that are used in any assignment. There are a number of different styles in use at UNE, so the conventions may differ depending on what ever style you are using, but the principle remains the same. You will provide a reference any time you quote, paraphrase, summarise or use any information from another source. You will be behaving ethically and honestly by acknowledging all your sources in your work, and will avoid any accusations of plagiarism.
Please note: The list below is intended as a guide only. Students should always check their unit guide or ask their unit coordinators for confirmation about the required referencing style.
|School of Rural Medicine|
|School of Health|
|School of Psychology|
|School of Law|
|UNE Business School|
|Accounting and Finance||APA, Chicago Author-Date|
|Financial Services||APA, Chicago Author-Date|
|Marketing||APA, Chicago Author-Date|
|Management||APA, Chicago Author-Date|
|Human Resource Management||APA, Chicago Author-Date|
|Economics, Econometrics and Economic History||APA, Chicago Author-Date|
|Agricultural and Resource Economics||APA, Chicago Author-Date|
|Organisational Leadership||APA, Chicago Author-Date|
|School of Environment and Rural Sciences|
|Agronomy and Soil Science||APA|
|School of Science and Technology|
|Human Biology and Physiology||APA|
|Molecular and Cellular Biology||APA|
|Physics and Electronics||APA|
|Pharmacy||APA *Check your unit guide or with your unit coordinator for specific directions on the required referencing systems for your units.|
|Sports and Exercise Science||APA|
|School of Education|
|School of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences|
|History||Footnoting, Chicago footnoting|
|Ancient History||AGPS, Footnoting|
|Politics and International Studies||AGPS|
|Peace Studies||AGPS, Footnoting|
|Archaeology*||Journal of Archaeological Science, Australian Archaeology, American Journal of Physical Anthropology,
Journal of Human Evolution
*Check your unit guide for specific directions on the required referencing systems for your units.
|English||Chicago Author-Date, Chicago Footnoting, MLA|
|Communication and Media||Chicago Author-Date, Chicago Footnoting, MLA, AGPS|
|Writing||Chicago Author-Date, Chicago Footnoting, MLA, AGPS|
|Languages||APA, Chicago Author-Date|
|Music||Chicago Author-Date, Chicago Footnoting, AGPS|
|Geography and Planning||APA|