At university, you become part of an academic community. As with any other community, there are particular ways of behaving, particular values and practices that are important. You will be expected to demonstrate these scholarly practices in your work.
Academic knowledge builds on the knowledge of other scholars. The process of "knowledge building" is a collaborative exercise, a dialogue or debate between scholars. New knowledge often emerges from existing knowledge. In the spirit of fairness, it is important, therefore, for academics to acknowledge where their information and ideas have come from. One of the most important practices for you to learn while you are studying at university is how to acknowledge where your ideas have come from in the work that you do.
By acknowledging what other scholars have said, you become a part of this exchange of ideas within the particular debate. Attributing the source of your ideas and words has a number of important consequences:
- Your readers can see where your argument or opinion fits into the discussion.
- Your readers can see that you are writing from an informed position and providing evidence and support for your claims.
- Your readers can search for the source themselves if they wish to pursue that idea further.
This acknowledgement is done by a system of conventions called referencing.
The University expects all students to provide appropriate references to the words, ideas, theories, data, pictures, etc. of others that are used in any assignment. There are a number of different styles in use at UNE, so the conventions may differ depending on what ever style you are using, but the principle remains the same. You will provide a reference any time you quote, paraphrase, summarise or use any information from another source. You will be behaving ethically and honestly by acknowledging all your sources in your work, and will avoid any accusations of plagiarism.
Please note: The list below is intended as a guide only. Students should always check their unit guide or ask their unit coordinators for confirmation about the required referencing style.
|School of Rural Medicine|
|School of Health|
|Health||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|
|School of Psychology|
|Psychology||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.,|
|School of Law|
|UNE Business School|
|Accounting and Finance||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed., Chicago Author-Date|
|Financial Services||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed., Chicago Author-Date|
|Marketing||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed., Chicago Author-Date|
|Management||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed., Chicago Author-Date|
|Human Resource Management||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed., Chicago Author-Date|
|Economics, Econometrics and Economic History||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed., Chicago Author-Date|
|Agricultural and Resource Economics||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed., Chicago Author-Date|
|Organisational Leadership||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed., Chicago Author-Date|
|School of Environment and Rural Sciences|
|Agronomy and Soil Science||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|
|Animal Science||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|
|Botany||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|
|Earth Sciences||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|
|Ecosystem Management||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|
|Engineering||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|
|Zoology||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|
|School of Science and Technology|
|Biomedical Science||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|
|Chemistry||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|
|Computer Science||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|
|Human Biology and Physiology||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|
|Mathematics||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|
|Molecular and Cellular Biology||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|
|Physics and Electronics||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|
|Pharmacy||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed. *Check your unit guide or with your unit coordinator for specific directions on the required referencing systems for your units.|
|Sports and Exercise Science||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|
|Statistics||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|
|School of Education|
|Education||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|
|School of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences|
|History||Footnoting, Chicago footnoting|
|Ancient History||AGPS, Footnoting|
|Politics and International Studies||AGPS|
|Peace Studies||AGPS, Footnoting|
|Archaeology*||Journal of Archaeological Science, Australian Archaeology, American Journal of Physical Anthropology,
Journal of Human Evolution
*Check your unit guide for specific directions on the required referencing systems for your units.
|English||Chicago Author-Date, Chicago Footnoting, MLA|
|Communication and Media||Chicago Author-Date, Chicago Footnoting, MLA, AGPS|
|Writing||Chicago Author-Date, Chicago Footnoting, MLA, AGPS|
|Languages||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed., Chicago Author-Date|
|Music||Chicago Author-Date, Chicago Footnoting, AGPS|
|Geography and Planning||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|
|Linguistics||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|
|Criminology||APA 6th ed., APA 7th ed.|