Horticulture Innovation Australia and the University of New England (UNE) are taking up the fight against weeds that are impacting vegetable crops through a $1 million investment that will deliver crucial management tools for industry.
Being undertaken by the University of New England, the four-year project aims to safeguard the vegetable industry by reducing its dependence on herbicides and tillage for weed control, which are ineffective when used repeatedly.
Project leader Paul Kristiansen, from UNE’s School of Environmental and Rural Science, said weed management needs to be strategic.
“Herbicides or tillage can’t be sustained in isolation year after year. If growers continually use only one method of weed control, they apply evolutionary pressure that encourages the growth of weeds resistant to those methods,” he said.
“We have seen a worrying rise in herbicide-resistant weeds in broadacre agriculture, and vegetable growers may see similar signs emerging in their industry.
Dr Kristiansen also said constant tillage takes a toll on soil health, and growers — especially younger growers — are increasingly protective of their soils because its health is key to their productivity.
The project will deliver a suite of tools and techniques to make vegetable fields naturally less hospitable to weeds, minimising the need for intervention and dealing weeds a knockout blow.
“It’s about chaining together a series of small management changes to produce a big result,” Dr Kristiansen said.
“For instance, the grower might increase sowing rates to crowd out small weeds, use biodegradable mulches, and pay more attention to soil hygiene to reduce weed seeds in the soil seedbank.
“Each practice in itself doesn’t require a drastic change in management, but together they could add up to a profound difference in the weed burden that growers deal with from year to year.”
As part of the project, researchers will conduct field trials in various States, and consult with growers across the nation, including those using organic production methods. These findings will culminate in a comprehensive Vegetable Industry Weed Manual which will be made available to industry in several different languages.
Horticulture Innovation Australia Chief Executive John Lloyd said vegetables growers face unique challenges when it comes to weed management, and this project will help.
“Weeds are a persistent problem for many vegetable producers in Australia – favourable growing conditions and regular soil disturbances are just two contributing factors,” he said.
“This investment will give producers the very best management practices to ensure they can continue to deliver quality vegetables to Australian consumers and export markets for years to come.”
This project is being funded by Horticulture Innovation Australia using vegetable industry levies and funds from the Australian Government.