Considerations for assessing vision impaired students
Most vision impaired students rely on auditory learning strategies. They listen to the computer as it tells them which keys and the associated functions they are pressing on the keyboard or reads text to them. It is therefore useful for these students to be given alternative forms of assessment that test their skills and knowledge not their ability to juggle technology.
Instead of word processing an essay, consider allowing the student to tape record the answer or undergo a telephone viva.
Consider an alternative to multiple choice questions which will have to be read individually to the student. Perhaps an electronic version of the exam where these questions are emailed to the student on the day of the exam and the student has unlimited time to complete them with a supervisor present.
Considerations for assessing hearing impaired students
Listening tasks and aural examinations will be most problematic for hearing impaired students. The use of a signing interpreter or the provision of a transcript may be considered.