Referencing

Learning Support for StudentsAt university, you become part of an academic community. As with any other community, there are particular ways of behaving, particular values and practices that are important. You will be expected to demonstrate these scholarly practices in your work.

Academic knowledge builds on the knowledge of other scholars. The process of "knowledge building" is a collaborative exercise, a dialogue or debate between scholars. New knowledge often emerges from existing knowledge. In the spirit of fairness, it is important, therefore, for academics to acknowledge where their information and ideas have come from. One of the most important practices for you to learn while you are studying at university is how to acknowledge where your ideas have come from in the work that you do.

By acknowledging what other scholars have said, you become a part of this exchange of ideas within the particular debate. Attributing the source of your ideas and words has a number of important consequences:

  • Your readers can see where your argument or opinion fits into the discussion.
  • Your readers can see that you are writing from an informed position and providing evidence and support for your claims.
  • Your readers can search for the source themselves if they wish to pursue that idea further.

This acknowledgement is done by a system of conventions called referencing.

The University expects all students to provide appropriate references to the words, ideas, theories, data, pictures, etc. of others that are used in any assignment. There are a number of different styles in use at UNE, so the conventions may differ depending on what ever style you are using, but the principle remains the same.  You will provide a reference any time you quote, paraphrase, summarise or use any information from another source. You will be behaving ethically and honestly by acknowledging all your sources in your work, and will avoid any accusations of plagiarism.

Discipline

Referencing style

School of Rural Medicine
Rural Medicine Vancouver
School of Health
Health APA
School of Education
Education APA
School of Law
Law AGLC3
UNE Business School
Accounting and Finance APA, Chicago Author-Date
Financial Services APA, Chicago Author-Date
Marketing APA, Chicago Author-Date
Management APA, Chicago Author-Date
Human Resource Management APA, Chicago Author-Date
Economics, Econometrics and Economic History APA, Chicago Author-Date
Agricultural and Resource Economics APA, Chicago Author-Date
Organisational Leadership APA, Chicago Author-Date
Graduate School of Business APA, Chicago Author-Date, AGLC3
School of Behavioural, Cognitive and Social Sciences
Psychology APA
Sociology and Criminology Chicago Author-Date
Geography and Planning APA
Linguistics APA
School of Arts
English Chicago Author-Date, Chicago Footnoting, MLA
Communication and Media Chicago Author-Date, Chicago Footnoting, MLA, AGPS
Writing Chicago Author-Date, Chicago Footnoting, MLA, AGPS
Theatre AGPS
Languages APA, Chicago Author-Date
Music Chicago Author-Date, Chicago Footnoting, AGPS
School of Humanities - Please check the SHum policy booklet for specific referencing requirements
Philosophy AGPS
Indigenous Studies AGPS
History Footnoting
Ancient History AGPS, Footnoting
Religion AGPS
Politics and International Studies AGPS
Peace Studies AGPS, Footnoting
Classics Chicago Author-Date
Archeology* Journal of Archaeological Science, Australian Archaeology, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Journal of Human Evolution .
*Check your unit guide for specific directions on the required referencing systems for your units.
School of Environment and Rural Sciences
Agronomy and Soil Science APA
Animal Science APA
Botany APA
Earth Sciences APA
Ecosystem Management APA
Engineering APA
Zoology APA
School of Science and Technology
Biomedical Science APA
Chemistry APA
Computer Science APA
Human Biology and Physiology APA
Mathematics APA
Molecular and Cellular Biology APA
Physics and Electronics APA
Pharmacy APA
Sports and Exercise Science APA
Statistics APA